Should we use a defining relative clause or a nondefining relative clause. Join these sentences by means of a relative pronoun. An example of a nondefining relative clause can be found in a sentence like my friend, who. It isnt essential for understanding who or what we are talking about. Defining clauses restrictive clauses a defining relative clause tells which noun we are talking about. Defining and nondefining relative clauses interactive. Choose defining relative clause if you think it doesnt need commas and nondefining relative clause if you think it needs commas. Exercise school of english defining and nondefining. Valencia, which is due east of madrid, is a great place.
The award was given to sara, whose short story impressed the judges. Add commas, where they are needed to create non defining relative clauses. The river nile is egypts main source of water is a complete grammatical sentence. Exercises with answers and grammar rules with examples. There are 3 different activities in which students are asked to complete the sentences with a relative pronoun, make one sentence from two to form defining and nondefining relative clauses and make one sentence from two to form a participle clause. That cannot be used and even though there is a pronoun in the relative clause which cannot be left out because in nondefining relative clauses the pronoun can never be left out. Defining clauses or phrases are not separated off with commas. Defining relative clauses these describe the preceding noun in such a way as to distinguish it from other nouns of the same class.
Live worksheets english english as a second language esl relative clauses defining and non defining relative clauses defining and non defining relative clauses relative clauses practice. Johnson is happy, he got the highest grade on the test. Defining and nondefining relative clauses worksheet. Some exercises and teachers tips to practice the defining clauses and the nondefining clauses alike. This is a 3page worksheet for teaching or revising relative clauses at intermediate level. Thank you for your letter, which i was very happy to get. Have they found the prisoner who escaped last week. Relative clauses defining and nondefining that, which. They are usually divided into two types defining relative clauses and nondefining relative clauses. Defining and nondefinining relative clauses exercises pdf. Relative clauses should be used after the noun they define. Differences between defining and nondefining relative clauses. Relative clauses intermediate in this worksheet you will find an explanation on the difference between defining and.
Nondefining relative clauses english esl worksheets for distance. When used within a sentence, this is often surrounded on each end with a comma and typically begins with a relative pronoun such as who or which. London, which is the capital of england, is one of the largest cities in the world. The apple which george lay on the table was put back into the basket. In contrast to relative clause defining where if the clause is omitted, the sentence will have less meaning. Practice on the defining and nondefining relative clauses. The river nile, which is over 6,500 kilometres long, is egypts main source of water. Answers 1 thats the girl who spoke to me yesterday. The pronoun cannot be left out because it is the subject of the relative clause. The present downloadable teaching material is a great resource for at intermediate b1 and upperintermediate b2 level. Removing a restrictive element from a sentence changes its meaning dramatically. In writing, nondefining adjective clauses are always separated by commas. A nondefining relative clause is part of a sentence that provides extra information but is not essential to understanding its meaning and purpose.
Nondefining relative clauses they give extra information for an already defined noun. To understand the distinctions between that and which it is necessary to understand defining restrictive and nondefining nonrestrictive clauses learning these distinctions is one technical aspect of grammar that every user of english should understand, because it is at the root of an assortment of grammatical errors. We can use that in defining relative clauses we can use that instead of. Diagonal 26, 1r 1a 0006 arcelona edifici indsor, entre ia augusta i rambla catalunya seu 1 via ugusta 6 s. We could miss out the relative and the meaning would still be clear. Nondefining relative clauses give us extra information about someone or something. I caught a ride with tony, whose car barely made it up the hill. Relative pronouns relative pronouns are the words that introduce relative clauses. Heres a list of all the relative clause exercises on the site. Non defining relative clauses non defining clauses add extra information. It can be used in a defining relative clause to define the noun it supports. Defining and nondefining relative clauses who, whom, whose, which, that. Defining and nondefining relative clauses practice bachillerato 2 1 defining relative clauses 1 join these sentences using a relative clause.
If the relative pronoun is not followed by a verb but by a noun or pronoun, the relative pronoun is an object pronoun. A relative clause is an added part in a sentence that is used in relation to the main sentence. Indeed the adjective clause is divided into two main kinds. Worksheets are defining and non defining relative clauses, defining relative clauses, relative clauses work, relative clauses part i defining non defining, defining and non defining relative clauses, defining relative pronouns exercise, defining relative clauses, non defining relative pronouns exercise. Complete the sentences with whose, who, which, or where. Mr brown, whom we studied english with, is a very nice. Non defining relative clauses are not used in spoken english. Sentences with nondefining relative clauses are grammatical even if you remove the nondefining relative clause. She still has friends who never left jersey, for example carole who has a. A clause of this kind is essential to clear understanding of the noun. If it is possible to omit the relative pronoun, write it in brackets. A defining relative clauses give essential information to the person or thing we are talking about.
Nondefining relative clauses are not used in spoken english. Dublin, is the capital of ireland, is my favourite city. Relative clauses nondefining relative clauses grammar. The relative pronoun can be the subject or the object of the relative clause. Restrictive relative clauses are also called defining relative clauses. There are defining and non defining relative sentences. Non defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun, a verb, and optional other elements such as the subject or object of the verb. However, sometimes a relative clause is so important that the main sentence will be difficult to understand or have no meaning without it. Defining and nondefining relative clauses nondefining relative clauses. Nonrestrictive relative clauses are also called nondefining relative clauses in both restrictive and nonrestrictive relative clauses, the relative pronoun can act as the subject or object. Defining relative clauses exercise 3 make one sentence by changing the sentence in italics into a defining relative clause.
I broke the plate which that was a wedding present. School of english defining and nondefining relative clauses exercise school of english oficines. Non defining relative clauses defining relative clauses these describe the preceding noun in such a way to distinguish it from other nouns of the same class. In this lesson we will learn the differences between defining and nondefining relative clauses. Nondefining relative pronouns exercise three things about non defining relative clauses.
Commas or parentheses are always used to separate non defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. They are seperated by commas in writing, and by a pause on either side. Nondefining relative pronouns exercise three things about nondefining relative clauses. In the grammar chart below, you can see the main differences between them. Generally, there are two types of relative clauses. A restrictive clause or phrase is essential to the meaning of the sentence. School of english defining and nondefining relative clauses exercise school of english oficines centrals.
Defining and nondefining relative clauses intermediate. Relative clauses add extra information to a sentence by defining a noun. Defining and nondefining relative clauses we use relative clauses to give additional information. Relative pronouns adjective clauses whose vs of which vs of whom subject exercises. A defining relative clause usually comes immediately. English esl nondefining relative clauses worksheets. Defining relative clauses 1 in pdf here defining relative clauses 2 in pdf here defining relative clauses 3 in pdf here defining relative clauses 4 in pdf here go to the main relative clauses explanation page here. Non defining relative clauses exercises non defining relative clause is a type of clause that explains nouns or noun phrases. The relative clause is closed off by commas and is quite similar to information in brackets. That cannot be used and even though there is a pronoun in the relative clause which cannot be left out because in non defining relative clauses the pronoun can never be left out.
We dont need it to understand who or what is being referred to. Defining and nondefining relative clauses test english. Defining vs nondefining there are two types of relative clauses, defining and nondefining. This smartphone, i bought last week, takes great photos. Nondefining relative clauses defining relative clauses these describe the preceding noun in such a way to distinguish it from other nouns of the same class. When i go to jersey which is the island where my mother.
When there is a preposition in a relative clause, this usually goes at the end of the sentence. Relative clauses intermediate in this worksheet you will find an explanation on the difference between defining and nondefining relative clauses plus a. Drag the appropriate relative pronoun into the answers area to complete this exercise. We use nondefining relative clauses to give extra information about the person or thing. Displaying all worksheets related to defining clause. Object pronouns can be dropped in defining relative clauses, which are then called contact clauses.
The house, which was built in 1883, has just been opened to the public. A clause of this kind is essential to the clear understanding of the noun. Defining relative clauses are used to add important information. Defining in english, and was designed for improving your groups writing skills. I go with my mother who loves visiting everyone in her family as often as possible. Nondefining relative pronouns exercise cattaneodallaglio. Defining and nondefining relative clauses flashcards. Defining relative clauses defining relative clauses carry essential information, because they identify which thing or person we are talking about, and they are used without commas this is the music which was used at the show. Buckingham palace, the queen of england lives, is in the. Relative clauses defining and nondefining test english. Relative pronouns and clauses in english grammar exercises. Nondefining relative clauses which we can leave out. The tour party was weakened when gordon hamilton withdrew yesterday because of a. Amelia, mother is from shanghai, speaks english and chinese fluently.
The information is essential in order to understand what or who is being referred to. Relative clauses in english exercises advanced level esl. Non defining relative clauses exercises with answers. Relative clauses practice relative pronouns exercise 1 2 3 who vs which exercise 1 2 3 which or where.497 1007 1304 453 1630 102 560 242 146 379 857 778 764 305 762 319 100 530 417 1373 984 1494 720 1580 46 238 1359 534 296 991 95 336 639 153 56 1043 421 883 1499 775 602 1499 18